US-amerikanische Studentenverbindungen – genannt "Fraternities" oder einfach "Frats" – stehen in keinem guten Licht: In Hollywoodfilmen. Immer wieder stehen Studentenverbindungen für sexualisierte Aufnahmerituale in der Kritik. Nun tauchte eine besonders pikante Liste mit. Im Vergleich zu Deutschland, wo Studentenverbindungen eher verrufen sind und im Hintergrund agieren, sind die Verbindungen in den USA.
USA: Studentenverbindungen saufen ihren Ruf wegUS-amerikanische Studentenverbindungen – genannt "Fraternities" oder einfach "Frats" – stehen in keinem guten Licht: In Hollywoodfilmen. Immer wieder stehen Studentenverbindungen für sexualisierte Aufnahmerituale in der Kritik. Nun tauchte eine besonders pikante Liste mit. Die Fraternities und Sororities sind.
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Es unterstützt Komatrinken und sexuellen Missbrauch. Es sichert ungleiche Machtstrukturen und institutionalisiert willkürliche Exklusivität.
Ungefähr zwei Drittel der Studenten sollen zu den Mitgliedern zählen. Nach diesen Vorfällen haben die erwähnten Unis die betroffenen Verbindungen in den meisten Fällen verboten.
Die West Virginia University verbannte nach dem aktuellen Todesfall gleich alle Studentenverbindungen bis auf Weiteres. Das schlimme ist das nicht mal alle Fälle tatsächlich Bekanntheit erlangen, sonder auch mal unter den Teppich gekehrt werden.
Viele der Vergewaltigungsopfer, ob weiblich oder männlich, trauen sich nicht, die Täter anzuzeigen, da sie befürchten, in der sozialen Enge des Colleges gemobbt zu werden oder selber wegen Alkoholgenusses Ärger mit der Polizei zu bekommen.
Wer beschäftigt sich noch mal gleich mit der Gretchenfrage? Und was bitte soll ein Baltischer Tiger sein?
Die Uni gilt als Hort des Wissens - aber was lernt man wo? Zur SZ-Startseite. It consisted solely of the old Corps present at traditional liberal arts colleges and excluded those at technical colleges.
Today, the two umbrella organizations are tightly linked by a cooperation treaty, known as Die Corps. The types of fraternities soon diversified, and formerly informal clubs, such as sports clubs influenced by the political ideas of Turnvater Jahn Turnerschaften , academic choirs Sängerschaften , and groups influenced by the progressive movement Landsmannschaften after the 17th century organizations were reorganized.
Each with their namesake as their central principle and idea of character building. Landsmannschaft Sorabia-Westfalen Münster is the oldest Studentenverbindung of modern constitution.
It was founded in in the City of Leipzig. A notable exception from these self-centered principles is the VVDSt Verband der Vereine Deutscher Studenten , "union of associations of German students" , which had a strict antisemitic policy and was formed in as a decidedly political group.
As a reaction, the first Jewish fraternities were established in the s, prevailing until the National Socialist regime.
Theodor Herzl , the founder of zionism and a former Burschenschaft student, was soon made an honorary member in many of these fraternities.
Furthermore, Jewish fraternities were heavily focused on emancipating themselves through duel and Mensur. Finally, around the break of the century, women were admitted to visit universities, unifying to sororities in The first such organization was the Club der Namenlosen "club of the nameless" , that was soon renamed to Verein Studierender Frauen Deutschlands Hilaritas "association of female students of Germany Hilaritas".
This diversification progressed to the point that the formerly despised students' culture heavily influenced society, especially affecting the language.
During the Wilhelminian Era , this development peaked, with the largest part of the academic community active or alumni being member in one or more of the over fraternities and even non-members cutting themselves with razors to simulate the appearance of the characteristic fencing wounds.
As of today, Bismarck and Kaiser Wilhelm II still remain the most well-known of Corps students and German fraternity students in general. This lasted until the first World War, which called all of the active students to serve their country, which many welcomed euphorically.
Fatalities substantially reduced the number of fraternity students and students in general. When the war was lost and the Kaiser was forced to step down and hand over the power of state to a democratic government, the fraternities' world shook in its foundations.
The violence the students had experienced at war, the uncertainty of the Weimar Republic times and the deeply felt humiliation of the harsh conditions of the Peace of Versailles caused many fraternity members to enlist in the newly founded Freikorps , paramilitary organizations thought to protect democracy.
As open battles between Freikorps members and communist activists began, many quickly radicalized throughout society, resulting in formerly non-political fraternities developing an extreme nationalist, anti-communist and antisemitic standpoint.
As this was a fertile ground for the newly founded NSDAP to flourish on, many soon committed themselves to its principles, with some, such as the Burschenschaft , expelling Jews as early as When the NSDAP seized power in , many rejoiced, although it was soon made clear that Studentenverbindungen would not be allowed to persist.
There are several exceptions, though, most notably the Corps Saxo-Borussia , whose members loudly discussed on different occasions if "the fuehrer were to eat his asparagus with his knife, his fork, or his paws", coming to the conclusion that he had "so large a gab, he would be able to eat it crosswise".
This led to all Studentenverbindungen being classified as "reactionary", and most of them either dissolved themselves or were forcibly closed during to The former members were then reorganized in Kameradschaften "comradeships" and forced to omit their principles of democratic vote, lifelong cooperation, honor and tradition.
In secrecy, though, many of the former customs were still practised, although with the outbreak of World War II, few remained to do so during the war.
After the war, the remaining former members soon tried to reorganize themselves, often fusing two or more Verbindungen to allow for greater impact, such as Guestphalia Bonn West Germany and Guestphalia Greifswald East Germany.
Although this was at first made illegal by the occupation forces and universities, they slowly gained a foothold in society again see Corps Suevia.
Special influences on this include several court decisions, amongst which are the decision that the Mensur does not violate moral code in , that public display of fraternity colors can not be punished by expulsion from the university , so called "Freiburg color dispute" and the forced acceptance of the last fencing fraternity in Berlin in , and the formal obligation to head of state Theodor Heuss to abolish duels for honor.
One side effect is that, due to this persistent struggle back to acceptance through legal action and sheer will of survival, post war fraternities in Germany, unlike their pre-war selves, did not receive any university funding, but had also become completely free and independent of University regulation or oversight.
While this allowed for progress and such was achieved during the s and early s, the Verbindungen again took a hard hit in with the general socialist sentiment amongst the student movement and their desire to abolish anything deemed reactionary.
As of today, many of the prejudices then expressed still form the base of what little is known to the public about Verbindungen , resulting in a slow and steady decline in membership count since.
A notable upswing was only delivered by the recent Bologna process , depriving students of long known means of studying and thus increasing the demand for assistance by experienced alumni.
The most prospering Studentenverbindungen can still be found in cities and towns with traditional liberal arts colleges and universities like Göttingen , Bonn and Heidelberg in Germany, with Munich being an exception.
Traditional structures have mostly been preserved, with rituals, codes of honor, symbols and principles still intact.
Most Studentenverbindungen still are restricted to only one gender, with the male varieties actively practising the Mensur.
However, many have formally repented their presumed mistakes, with memorials of unjustly excluded Jews, for instance, being a common sight in a Verbindungshaus.
There are numerous points of critique which are usually discussed without result. Apart from debate, these accusations have led to numerous acts of politically motivated violence, with over cases in alone, ranging from simple vandalism such as destroying windows and spraying graffiti, through aggravated assault, to arson endangering fraternity members.
Uncommon, but influential are the academical-technical engineering clubs "Akademischer Verein" of the Hütte and Miltenberg-Wernigeroder Ring ; the "Hütte" is the publisher of one of the major engineering compendiums in Germany.
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Hinzu kommen Organisationen, die sich der Unterstützung bestimmter Funktionen verschrieben haben. Sorority ist eine Weiterleitung auf diesen Artikel.
Zu einem österreichischen Frauennetzwerk siehe Sorority Österreich. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte.
Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Kappa Alpha. Sigma Phi. Alpha Delta Phi. Mystical Seven.
Beta Theta Pi. Erste Verbindung mit eigenen Wohnheimen.